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Saturday, 21 January 2017

Sumerian civilization (7): the Kingdom of Kush

In part 6 of my blogs on the Sumerian civilization, I finally acknowledged the most obvious: the "black headed" Sumerian civilization must have been black Africans. Nevertheless, this conclusion still did not answer the big question: Where did the Sumerian people originate from??

The Kingdom of Kush is a (very) likely candidate. It could even explain the almost parallel rise of the advanced Egyptian and Sumerian civilization at about 3,500 BC.

The Great Flood from 11,000 BC - 4,000 BC created the Red Sea (see mid of picture) which was probably a mere river before the global sea levels rose 120 meters until 4,000 BC.

The Red Sea may have splitted an ancient Empire of Kush (well before 4,000 BC) in 2 parts: the new Kingdom of Kush in Africa and the Kingdom of Sheba in Arabia. Historical evidence may once be found in the Red Sea. Also see my Pangea blog.

Apart from these geological aspects, there are other supporting facts. The Kingdom of Kush was an ancient Nubian kingdom situated on the confluences of the Blue NileWhite Nile and River Atbara in what is now the Republic of Sudan (Wiki). The name Nubians is Egyptian for ‘gold’, due to the abundance of this precious metal in their lands (Ancient Origins). The vast wealth of both the Nubian kingdoms and the Sumerian civilization suggests an overlap.

The Kingdom of Kush is not well understood: "The success of Kush as a regional power, however, is a puzzle that continues to baffle archaeologists. Without the conventional features of complex societies – a writing system, an extensive bureaucracy and major urban centers, the Kingdom of Kush’s success in controlling Upper Egypt seems to be an anomaly" (Ancient Origins).

Ancient: "Meroe was a wealthy metropolis of the ancient kingdom of Kush in what is today the Republic of Sudan. [] As no one yet has been able to decipher the Meroitic script, very little can be said for certain on how Meroe grew to become the wonderous city written about by Herodotus in circa 430 BCE, but it is known that the city was so famous for its wealth in ancient times that the Persian King Cambyses mounted an expedition to capture it []. The city was also known as the Island of Meroe as the waters flowing around it made it appear so."

The above is difficult to imagine as we only see the Sahara desert now. By "coincidence", Google notifies me of a scientific study of 17 January 2017 by the University of Arizona about a “Green Sahara” from 5,000 to 11,000 years ago. "Archaeological evidence shows that humans occupied much of the Sahara during the wet period, but gradually withdrew some 8,000 years ago" because of an abrupt climate (precessionshift and change. “It looks like this thousand-year dry period caused people to leave,” Tierney said. (eg, Ancient Code, Science Advances, UA News)

Ancient Code: "Based on [rainwater] erosion marks, several researchers and geologists have suggested that the Great Sphinx was built thousands of years earlier than the official story suggests." This 2017 Green Sahara study supports that scientific minority view.

Africa (1982) by Toto - artists, lyrics, video, Wiki-1, Wiki-2